Self-censorship is even more harmful than censorship by the state, argues British writer and philosopher Roger Scruton, for it shuts down conversation completely. The damage done to public discussion of the most pressing issues of the day can be seen on both sides of the Atlantic.
First there was silence, then an explosion of rhetoric concerning events in central Cologne on New Year's Eve. Could this signal the failure of the liberal, tolerant state, as the anti-European Right insist? Ahead of the EU summit in mid-February, Albrecht von Lucke says it doesn't have to.
When Adorno and Horkheimer wrote "Dialectic of Enlightenment", interpersonal interactions were not yet directly part of the culture industry. But now that they are, it would be wrong to assume that the technologies of the big data revolution come with built-in ideologies, writes Lev Manovich.
As a handful of Internet giants consolidate their grip on both infrastructure and the forms of communication it supports, the world of work is being transformed as never before. Talk of a "fourth industrial revolution" no longer does justice to the systemic change that's now underway.
Central Europe no longer exists, only East and West, as it used to be. That is the condensed version of the combined wisdom of many western analysts and commentators these days, writes Erik Tabery, editor-in-chief of the Czech weekly "Respekt". From a Czech perspective, Tabery is certainly concerned for his country's neighbours. But he also wonders why the West is quite so alarmed at what is happening in the East.
"Dublin Review of Books" says contagion of nationalism and xenophobia not restricted to central Europe; "Kultura Liberalna" speaks to Wolfgang Streeck about the future of the European peace project; in "openDemocracy", Cas Mudde considers EU sanctions against both Poland and Hungary; "Esprit" looks at how violence spreads in a globalized world; "Res Publica Nowa" analyses banker's madness; "Kulturos barai" sees straight through the misleading trade-off between security and freedom; "L'Homme" revisits gendered images in Cold War visual culture; and "Genero" looks to playwrights Oliver Frljic and Dino Mustafic for an antidote to Yugonostalgia.
Whatever happened to the lively and apparently healthy democratic process in Central Europe, during the decade that followed the fall of the Berlin Wall? Answers are more likely to be found in economic circumstances, argues Enda O'Doherty, than supposedly innate tendencies to reaction.
As part of a focus in "Esprit" on how violence spreads in a globalized world, historian and sociologist Hamit Bozarslan delves into works by the medieval North African scholar Ibn Khaldun, with a view to better understanding events such as the fall of Mosul, Iraq, in June 2014.
The European integration project urgently needs reconstructing from the bottom up, argues Wolfgang Streeck. This means taking into account the crucial importance of nations and nation-states as the principal sites of democratic self-government.
A show of EU concern for recent developments in Poland can do no harm, writes Stefan Szwed, but ultimately the fate of the country's democracy is for Poles themselves to sort out. And, luckily, crises often come with opportunities; Poland's PiS challenge is stirring a new political awakening.
In terms of prompting domestic and foreign concern over the rise of illiberal democracy in the European Union, the new Polish government has almost outdone the Hungarian governments of the past six years. Cas Mudde considers the likelihood of EU sanctions against both Poland and Hungary.
Twenty-five years after the USSR's collapse, writes Maria Stepanova, history has turned into a kind of minefield, a realm of constant, traumatic revision. As a result, Russia is living in a schizoid present where the urgent need for a new language is far from being met.
The main issue surrounding the ugly events on New Year's Eve in Cologne soon turned out not to be the assault of women per se, but the fact that perpetrators were, in police parlance, of "Arab and north-African appearance". However, writes Slavenka Drakulic, it may well be that the tears of the women in Cologne that night bring bigger changes to Germany and Europe than anyone could have anticipated, least of all the women themselves.
The Slovak writer and artist Matus Ritomsky provides some insight into the mood in Slovakia, as the debate about events in Cologne and other cities in Germany on New Year's Eve continues across Europe.
"Index on Censorship" considers the virtues of breaking taboos; in "New Eastern Europe", Andrew Wilson warns of shift in the dramaturgia away from Ukraine; "A2" assesses the challenge that ISIS poses to Europe; "La Revue nouvelle" lines up the new faces of terrorism; "Il Mulino" calls for the gradual naturalization of migrants; "Letras Libres" notes the growing influence of today's media savvy intellectuals; "pARTisan" is determined to sustain the intellectual resistance.
Leading artists, curators and practitioners in the creative industries discuss the prospects for intellectual resistance in the most precarious of circumstances: where state institutions tend to strangle much-needed social critique and one must use every available resource to avoid submitting to one's own fatigue.
In this brief history of terrorism, Belgian sociologist Albert Bastenier observes that terrorism has manifested itself at some point in most regions, cultures and religions. What gives terrorism its new character today though is the rapid diffusion of news and images.
Europe has become steadily more introspective since the financial crisis broke out in 2008, writes Andrew Wilson. Moreover, with the refugee crisis and the Paris attacks grabbing the media's attention, and Russia suddenly joining the fight against ISIS, Ukraine has become a topic of the past.
Filmmakers who push back at social conventions take risks with their careers and, sometimes, frighten their audiences. Nikki Baughan speaks to leading directors Susanne Bier (Denmark) and Haifaa Al Mansour (Saudi Arabia) about using the big screen to challenge ways of life.
Antallet timer kunst og håndverk er redusert fra 20 prosent på 70-tallet til 12,5 i 2022. Den kunstfaglige kompetansen synker hos norske lærere. Barn med fag som tegning, musikk og dans som en del av sin skolehverdag, utvikler kognitive funksjoner raskere enn barn som har ordinær undervisning på skolen. Kunst og kultur er styrkedråpen for demokrati og kritisk tenkning. Fremtiden etterspør kreativitet som kompetanse.