Even Ukrainian cultural journals have become the target of "raiders" -- shady groups working on behalf of powerful interests who use bogus property claims to close down businesses. The biggest raider of all is the Yanukovych government itself, says Mykola Riabchuk.
The recession has returned a generation of Spaniards to a cruel reality: that they may have to live with less than their parents did. Whether they alter their expectations or try to stop the clock will be decisive, writes "Letras Libres" editor Ramón González Férriz.
Earlier this year, Eurozine partner "Dilema Veche" was almost dragged down with the rest of a failing Romanian press. But thanks to original journalism, inventive strategy and an independent attitude, the magazine looks like pulling through all the stronger, says its editor.
Feuds, schisms and excommunications have littered Situationism's journey from its Parisian origins into Anglo-Saxon culture. Stewart Home recalls the history and politics of Situationism and its British pendant, psychogeography.
Why does Europe find it so difficult to remember the facts of migration, both voluntary and forced? Reluctance to address the more noxious aspects of collective European identity impedes an engagement with migration history, argues Claus Leggewie.
A newly-erected memorial to Germany's dead soldiers prompts Thomas Hettche to ask why society today knows no appropriate way to deal with war and violence. The answer requires a return to Carl Schmitt's theory of enmity and Ernst Jünger's WW1 memoire "In Stahlgewittern".
Literary and cultural magazines carry far fewer essays by women than by men. This has to do with the essay form itself as well as engrained male dominance in editorial processes, argues Lena Brandauer. Quotas for women in literary and cultural publishing are a feasible solution.
Thrift represented an underlying drive shaping cultural priorities in Britain from 1600 onwards, writes Beverly Lemire. In the nineteenth century, profound economic changes gave rise to institutional innovations that intersected with long established strategies of housewifery.
Differences between the Czech and Slovak national cultures begin with language and range from newspaper circulation to attitudes to corruption. Yet they don't justify seeing the Czecho-Slovak split as blueprint for dismantling the EU, writes Martin Simecka.
A new EU data regulation directive fails to relax unduly tight restrictions on collecting and distributing data, writes David Erdos. Despite exemptions for use of private data in journalistic, artistic and research contexts, freedom of expression is still downgraded in European legislation.
Surveying the cyclical relationship between crisis and innovation, sociologist Benoît Lévesque says the current situation is unique in precluding a return to old ways. Transformation must instead come through local, community based experiments and devolution of economic activity.
Since when has individual achievement been considered a social virtue? Nina Verheyen sees its roots in the rejection of the traditional social code at the end of the nineteenth century and disagrees that achievement is a genuinely "bourgeois" virtue.
Researching Yugoslav Roma music, Philip Knox and Nat Morris tour the Balkans in search of the real thing. They find it in Skopje, in the person of Esma Redzepova -- the self-styled Queen of Gypsy music, who claims never to have produced "anything but Roma music of the utmost purity".
Jean Améry, writing in 1965, famously called torture "the essence of the Third Reich". Why did Améry, the Holocaust survivor, emphasize torture over the annihilation of the Jews? His choice can be understood in the context of debate on the Algerian war, argues Dan Diner.
In May, Zagreb will become a centre of critical thought as the Subversive Forum brings together leading political thinkers including Slavoj Zizek, Samir Amin, Stéphane Hessel, David Van Reybrouck and Saskia Sassen. Eurozine is a partner of the conference.
Although migration has a long and varied history in Europe, it tends to be treated solely as a present-day issue. Why the reluctance to historicize the subject? Particularly since migration history offers a way to replace narrow, national narratives with one that is properly European.
Free speech advocates opposed to the prohibition of hate speech tend to underrate the harm hate speech causes, argues Jeremy Waldron. Where it exists, such legislation upholds a public good by protecting the basic dignitary order of society.
To argue for hate speech legislation on the basis that it protects the dignity of individuals is to confuse an interest with a fundamental right, argues Ivan Hare. Not only is legislation ineffective, it helps disseminate the very thing it intends to suppress.
Free Speech Debate is a multilingual and participatory website for the discussion of freedom of expression. Its aim, writes director Timothy Garton-Ash, is to discover free speech norms that, in an increasingly post-western world, are genuinely universal.
Antallet timer kunst og håndverk er redusert fra 20 prosent på 70-tallet til 12,5 i 2022. Den kunstfaglige kompetansen synker hos norske lærere. Barn med fag som tegning, musikk og dans som en del av sin skolehverdag, utvikler kognitive funksjoner raskere enn barn som har ordinær undervisning på skolen. Kunst og kultur er styrkedråpen for demokrati og kritisk tenkning. Fremtiden etterspør kreativitet som kompetanse.